Does Socioeconomic Status Affect Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes?
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
Socioeconomically disadvantaged groups may have less access to healthcare, and are more likely to be obese, and possibly engage in risky behavior.
This study by Campbell et al. (Journal of Biosocial Science, 2017) aimed to determine if socioeconomic status impacts the risk of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB)
Retrospective Cohort Study
All mothers with live singleton birth between February 2009 and February 2014 in Southwestern Ontario, Canada were included
To determine socioeconomic status, variables such as maternal education, % living below low-income cutoffs, immigration, visible minority, aboriginal prevalence, distances to grocery stores were analyzed
26,654 live singleton births were included in the study
6.4% were LBW (BW < 2500 g)
9.7% were PTB (live birth < 37 weeks’ gestation)
Risk factors for LBW (odds ratio; 95% CI)
Maternal amphetamine use (17.51; 1.45-211.04)
Chronic hypertension (3.18; 2.02-5.00)
Maternal marijuana use (2.72; 1.67-4.43)
≤ high school diploma (1.01; 1.00-1.02)
Risk factors for increased PTB (odds ratio; 95% CI)
OBG Project CME requires a modern web browser (Internet Explorer 10+, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge). Certain educational activities may require additional software to view multimedia, presentation, or printable versions of their content. These activities will be marked as such and will provide links to the required software. That software may be: Adobe Flash, Apple QuickTime, Adobe Acrobat, Microsoft PowerPoint, Windows Media Player, or Real Networks Real One Player.
Disclosure of Unlabeled Use
This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.
The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.
Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information
presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications and/or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.
Jointly provided by
NOT ENOUGH CME HOURS
It appears you don't have enough CME Hours to take this Post-Test. Feel free to buy additional CME hours or upgrade your current CME subscription plan