Does Antibiotic Use Increase Risk of Spontaneous Abortion?
This study by Muanda et al. (CMAJ, 2017) aimed to determine if antibiotic use during pregnancy is associated with spontaneous abortion.
Nested Case-Control Study
Each case of spontaneous abortion (<20 weeks’ gestation) was matched for gestational age and year against 10 randomly selected controls. Antibiotic use was compared to non-exposure and exposure to penicillins or cephalosporins. After adjusting for potential confounders, multiple types of antibiotic use were associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion: azithromycin (adjusted odds ratio 1.65, 95% CI 1.34-2.02) clarithromycin (adjusted odds ratio 2.35, 95% CI 1.90-2.91), metronidazole (adjusted odds ratio 1.70, 95% CI 1.27-2.26), sulfonamides (odds ratio 2.01, 95% CI 1.36-2.97), tetracyclines (adjusted odds ratio 2.59, 95% CI 1.97-3.41) and quinolones (adjusted odds 2.72, 95% CI 2.27-3.27). These findings held whether comparing against non-exposure or exposure to penicillins or cephalosporins. The authors note that one potential confounder, that of severity of infection, could not be assessed in this study. Nevertheless, they do suggest that macrolides (excluding erythromycin) quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides and metronidazole may be associated with miscarriage prior to 20 weeks and policies may need to update guidelines to reflect these findings.
Please sign up or log in to your ObGFirst to access this Premium Content
Media - Internet
Computer System Requirements
OBG Project CME requires a modern web browser (Internet Explorer 10+, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge). Certain educational activities may require additional software to view multimedia, presentation, or printable versions of their content. These activities will be marked as such and will provide links to the required software. That software may be: Adobe Flash, Apple QuickTime, Adobe Acrobat, Microsoft PowerPoint, Windows Media Player, or Real Networks Real One Player.
Disclosure of Unlabeled Use
This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.
The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.
Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information
presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications and/or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.
Jointly provided by
NOT ENOUGH CME HOURS
It appears you don't have enough CME Hours to take this Post-Test. Feel free to buy additional CME hours or upgrade your current CME subscription plan