This activity is intended for healthcare providers delivering care to women and their families.
After completing this activity, the participant should be better able to:
1. Describe the risk factors associated with preterm birth
2. Discuss the clinical evaluation and management of women at risk for preterm birth
Estimated time to complete activity: 0.25 hours
Postgraduate Institute for Medicine (PIM) requires faculty, planners, and others in control of educational content to disclose all their financial relationships with ineligible companies. All identified conflicts of interest (COI) are thoroughly vetted and mitigated according to PIM policy. PIM is committed to providing its learners with high quality accredited continuing education activities and related materials that promote improvements or quality in healthcare and not a specific proprietary business interest of an ineligible company.
The PIM planners and others have nothing to disclose. The OBG Project planners and others have nothing to disclose.
Faculty: Ashley Comfort, MD, has a financial interest in Pfizer and has no other conflicts of interest to disclose.
Planners and Managers: The PIM planners and managers, Trace Hutchison, PharmD, Samantha Mattiucci, PharmD, CHCP, Judi Smelker-Mitchek, MBA, MSN, RN, and Jan Schultz, MSN, RN, CHCP have nothing to disclose.
Fees for participating and receiving CME credit for this activity are as posted on The ObG Project website. During the period from 3/31/2022 through 3/31/2024, participants must read the learning objectives and faculty disclosures and study the educational activity.
If you wish to receive acknowledgment for completing this activity, please complete the test and evaluation. Upon registering and successfully completing the test with a score of 100% and the activity evaluation, your certificate will be made available immediately.
In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by the Postgraduate Institute for Medicine and The ObG Project. Postgraduate Institute for Medicine is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.
Postgraduate Institute for Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
The maximum number of hours awarded for this Continuing Nursing Education activity is 0.25 contact hours.
Designated for 0.1 contact hours of pharmacotherapy credit for Advance Practice Registered Nurses.Read Disclaimer & Fine Print
Spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) includes preterm labor, preterm rupture of membranes and cervical insufficiency from ≥20w7d to <37w0d of gestation. The PTB rate has significantly increased during the last 2 decades. According to the CDC, PTB rates decreased from 2007 to 2014, partly due to fewer teens and young women giving birth. However, the PTB rate rose for the fifth year in a row in 2019 and sits at approximately 10%. Unfortunately, racial, and ethnic differences in PTB rates remain problematic. The CDC reports that “in 2019, the rate of preterm birth among non-Hispanic black women (14.4%) was about 50% higher than the rate of preterm birth among non-Hispanic white women (9.3%) or Hispanic women (10%).”
Note: Surgical procedures (e.g., cold-knife conization, loop electrosurgical excision, or laser ablation) have been postulated to be associated with preterm birth, but data is inconsistent
Previous Spontaneous PTB (Singleton)
No Previous History of PTB
Multiple gestation with or without history of PTB
History of a Medically Indicated Preterm Delivery
Note: SMFM addresses vaginal progesterone and recommends shared decision making in the setting of a previous preterm birth but without input of cervical length or cervical length 25 mm or greater | This approach should especially be considered if the progesterone therapy for PTB prevention was used in a prior pregnancy
ACOG Practice Bulletin 234: Prediction and Prevention of Preterm Birth
ACOG: Updated Clinical Guidance for the Use of Progesterone Supplementation for the Prevention of Recurrent Preterm Birth
SMFM Special Statement: Response to the Food and Drug Administration’s withdrawal of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate
AACC Guidance Document on Laboratory Testing for the Assessment of Preterm Delivery
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This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.
The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.
Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information
presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications and/or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.
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