This activity is intended for healthcare providers delivering care to women and their families.
After completing this activity, the participant should be better able to:
1. Discuss the diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia
2. Describe the recommended treatment options for community acquired pneumonia
Estimated time to complete activity: 0.5 hours
Postgraduate Institute for Medicine (PIM) requires faculty, planners, and others in control of educational content to disclose all their financial relationships with ineligible companies. All identified conflicts of interest (COI) are thoroughly vetted and mitigated according to PIM policy. PIM is committed to providing its learners with high quality accredited continuing education activities and related materials that promote improvements or quality in healthcare and not a specific proprietary business interest of an ineligible company.
The PIM planners and others have nothing to disclose. The OBG Project planners and others have nothing to disclose.
Faculty: Susan J. Gross, MD, receives consulting fees from Cradle Genomics, and has financial interest in The ObG Project, Inc.
Planners and Managers: The PIM planners and managers, Trace Hutchison, PharmD, Samantha Mattiucci, PharmD, CHCP, Judi Smelker-Mitchek, MBA, MSN, RN, and Jan Schultz, MSN, RN, CHCP have nothing to disclose.
Fees for participating and receiving CME credit for this activity are as posted on The ObG Project website. During the period from 12/01/2022 through 12/01/2024, participants must read the learning objectives and faculty disclosures and study the educational activity.
If you wish to receive acknowledgment for completing this activity, please complete the test and evaluation. Upon registering and successfully completing the test with a score of 100% and the activity evaluation, your certificate will be made available immediately.
In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by the Postgraduate Institute for Medicine and The ObG Project. Postgraduate Institute for Medicine is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.
Postgraduate Institute for Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
The maximum number of hours awarded for this Continuing Nursing Education activity is 0.5 contact hours.
Designated for 0.2 contact hours of pharmacotherapy credit for Advance Practice Registered Nurses.Read Disclaimer & Fine Print
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), by definition, is pneumonia acquired outside a hospital. A joint guideline (2019) from the American Thoracic Society/IDSA addresses diagnosis, management and follow-up. The focus of this document is on non-immunocompromised individuals (e.g., those without inherited or acquired immune deficiency or drug-induced neutropenia, those actively receiving cancer chemotherapy, HIV with suppressed CD4 counts or transplant recipients).
Note: The American Thoracic Society has published guidelines regarding nucleic acid-based testing for viral pathogens in the setting of CAP
Approximately 400,000 hospitalizations from pneumococcal pneumonia occur annually in the US. Pneumococci are responsible for up to 30% of adult CAP, with an incubation period of approximately 1 to 3 days. According the CDC, “the case-fatality rate is 5–7% and may be much higher among elderly persons.” Other bacterial pathogens include Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Legionella species, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. According the guideline, “The newer multidrug-resistant pathogens, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa requires separate treatment options.”
No comorbidities or Risk Factors for MRSA or Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Outpatient with Comorbidities (can be ‘combination therapy’ or ‘monotherapy’ with no order of preference)
Combination Therapy (Amoxicillin/clavulanate or cephalosporin combined with a macrolide or doxycycline)
Note: Comorbidities include: Chronic heart | Lung, liver, or renal disease | Diabetes mellitus | Alcoholism | Malignancy | Asplenia
Guideline: The American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of adults with community-acquired pneumonia.
American Thoracic Society: Nucleic Acid–based Testing for Noninfluenza Viral Pathogens in Adults
with Suspected Community-acquired Pneumonia
Outpatient vs. Inpatient Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia: PSI and CURB-65 Scoring Models
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This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.
The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.
Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information
presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications and/or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.
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