This study by Zhao et al. (JAMA Internal Medicine, 2017) sought to determine if acupuncture can alter frequency of migraines without aura.
Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT)
245 patients were included in the analysis, with women making up 77.1% of this cohort. The three arms of the study were (1) true acupuncture, (2) sham acupuncture, or (3) placed on a waiting list for treatment. Participants receiving acupuncture were treated five times a week for four weeks (20 treatments in total). Participants recorded the frequency of their migraines, as well as migraine days, their average headache intensity, and medication intake ever four weeks for a 24-week period. On average, the mean frequency of attacks decreased in the true acupuncture group by 3.2. True acupuncture was found to decrease migraine recurrence long-term compared to sham acupuncture and being placed on a wait list.
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