RCT Results: Does Foot Massage Improve Symptoms for Postmenopausal Women?
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
Gökbulut et al. (Menopause, 2022) assessed the impact of foot massage on anxiety, fatigue, and sleep in postmenopausal women
Between November 1, 2021, and November 30, 2021
Gone through menopause naturally in the last year
Foot massage daily
For 7 days
The Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were used to assess outcomes
Details of foot massage
One of the researchers was internationally certified
Quiet and comfortable environment with room temperature approximately 23°C to 26°C
Thumb pressure application, swiping, patting, rubbing, and squeezing movements were applied to each foot for 10 minutes same time everyday
Sample size: 70 total based on effect size of 0.40, an error level of 0.05, and a power of 0.95
Sleep hours achieved
Foot massage: 35 women | Control: 35 women
Women in the control group had lower pretest BAI scores than those in the experimental group (P<0.05)
Preintervention FSS scores and sleep hours were similar between the groups
After the foot massage treatment, women in the intervention group had lower (P<0.001)
Foot massage: 2.3 (IQR, 1.6 to 3.4)
Control: 5.5 (IQR, 4.6 to 6.2)
Foot massage: 26.0 (IQR, 23.0 to 29.0)
Control: 36.0 (IQR, 31.0 to 43.0)
Women in the foot massage group also achieved a greater number of sleep hours after treatment (P<0.001)
Foot massage: 8.0 (IQR, 8.0 to 10.0) hours
Control: 7.0 (IQR, 6.0 to 8.0) hours
Postmenopausal women who received foot massage daily achieved a greater number of sleep hours and had lower anxiety and fatigue scores than women who did not receive treatment
Limitations include that data came from a specific geographic region
Previous studies have noted benefits of reflexology
The authors state
In this study, according to the posttest BAI scores of the participants, the anxiety levels of the women who underwent the foot massage intervention were significantly lower than those who did not undergo the intervention
Considering that the anxiety levels of the control group before the intervention were significantly lower than those in the experimental group it may be argued that foot massage applied during menopause is a very effective method of reducing anxiety
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