Does Preterm Birth Increase Risk of Subsequent CVD in Mothers?
This study by Tanz et al. (Circulation, 2017) aimed to determine if preterm birth (<37 weeks) increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), including myocardial infarction and stroke.
A Longitudinal Cohort Study (based on the Nurses’ Health Study II)
70,812 women who gave birth to preterm infants (<37 weeks) were surveyed. Women who gave birth to a preterm infant had an increased risk for CVD, and those who gave birth before 32 weeks had an even greater risk. Some of this risk is due to development of postpartum chronic hypertension, type II diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, and changes in BMI. However, preterm delivery remained an independent risk factor for CVD.
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