ACOG defines cervical insufficiency as “the inability of the uterine cervix to retain a pregnancy in the absence of the signs and symptoms of clinical contractions, or labor, or both in the second trimester.” In addition, ACOG separates out indication for cerclage in to 3 categories
SMFM states that cerclages are effective in woman based on the following indications:
Clinically, cervical insufficiency is painless dilation and recurrent mid-trimester losses without signs of preterm labor (PTL), PPROM, or infection. Patient history may include superimposed symptoms (i.e. bleeding, pressure), therefore a judicious review of records is advised. Those with a history of prior preterm birth can benefit from cervical length screening to appropriate guide selected patients for cerclage.
After clinical examination to rule out uterine activity, or intraamniotic infection, or both, physical examination-indicated cerclage placement (if technically feasible) in patients with singleton gestations who have cervical change of the internal os may be beneficial
SMFM: Cervical cerclage for the woman with prior adverse pregnancy outcome
ACOG Practice Bulletin 142: Cerclage for the Management of Cervical Insufficiency
Physical Examination–Indicated Cerclage: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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