Nephrolithiasis, or kidney stones, is a common condition which affects up to 8.8% of the U.S. population. The incidence has been increasing over time, especially in the “stone belt” located in the Southeastern and South-Central United States. It is most often characterized by colicky flank pain. Calculi have various compositions including calcium oxalate, uric acid, struvite, calcium phosphate and, cystine.
Pain radiating to groin
Excessive intake: Protein | Carbohydrates | Sodium
Low fiber | High oxalate | Carbonated drinks with phosphoric acid
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